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2021.11.05 – ETYMOLOGY

Origin: et·y·mol·o·gy (noun, plural et·y·mol·o·gies)

1350–1400; Middle English < Latin etymologia  < Greek etymología,  equivalent to etymológ

 ( os ) studying the true meanings and values of words ( étymo ( s ) true ( see etymon) + lógos  word, reason) + -ia -y3

1. The derivation of a word. Synonyms: word origin, word source, derivation, origin.

2.  A chronological account of the birth and development of a particular word or element of a word, often delineating its spread from one language to another and its evolving changes in form and meaning. Synonyms: word history, word lore, historical development.

3. The study of historical linguistic change, especially as manifested in individual words.



Why is my verse so barren of new pride,
So far from variation or quick change?
Why with the time do I not glance aside
To new-found methods, and to compounds strange?
Why write I still all one, ever the same,
And keep invention in a noted weed,
That every word doth almost tell my name,
Showing their birth, and where they did proceed?
O! know sweet love I always write of you,
And you and love are still my argument;
So all my best is dressing old words new,
Spending again what is already spent:
   For as the sun is daily new and old,
   So is my love still telling what is told.

2021.11.05 – Job Hunting: Self-Recruiter Advice

“I Have Applied to an Organization, but How Can I Get an Interview?”
2 Hours To An Effective Job Search (As Quoted by The Wall Street Journal’s Career Website,
5 Steps to Super-Charging Your Job Search
A New Year means a FRESH start… with your Job Search efforts!
Avoid Mistakes and Negotiate the Salary That You Desire (quoted on CareerBuilder’s
Don’t Wait, Send Your Thank You Notes Now!
Fine. Until the Bell Tolls for Thee.
Get a New Job Faster! Manage Your Job Search.
Got Laid Off? – Get Over It- Now!
How Can I Negotiate a Better Salary Offer?
How do I overcome being rejected as being ‘too senior’ for a role?
How Long Does an Interview Process Take?
How to focus your Job Hunting energy and FOLLOW UP!
How to Get Hired If You are Older? …
How to Make Your Resume Work for You!
How to Select a Career Coach that’s Right for You
How to Stay Motivated During an Extended Job Search
I came in 2nd Place, Now What?
I’ve been unemployed for 10 months and I can’t seem to get hired. What am I doing wrong?
Introduction (to the Self-Recruiter® book)
Job Search Effectiveness In The Holiday Season
Knock, knock: How to Write An Effective COVER LETTER that Opens Doors
My Annual Review is next week. How Can I get Something Else if They cannot Raise My Salary?
Passed-over, and Under-appreciated.
Resume Samples (discussion examples from Lecture Series)
Running in Place during our Career –And getting nowhere!
Self Recruiter® on LIVE TV, “Our Take” with Christina Brown
Self-Recruiter® Guide to Resumes
Self-Recruiter®: Job Search Management System (download)
Staying Motivated: in Exercise, Job Search, & Career!
The 5 Steps to Personal Branding Nirvana in Your Job Search
The Job Search & Business Promotion Secrets to LinkedIn: How to Build a More Effective LinkedIn Profile in Just 10 Steps
Whom Should I Link With On LinkedIn?
Why Haven’t They Called Me!? I’m Perfect!
You’re Doing It All Wrong! – Best Practices for Career & Business Networking


Definition: The study of the mental aspects of language and speech–a branch of both linguistics and psychology.

Etymology: From the Greek, “mind” + the Latin, “tongue”

Psycholinguistics or psychology of language is the study of the psychological and neurobiological factors that enable humans to acquire, use, and understand language.

Initial forays into psycholinguistics were largely philosophical ventures, due mainly to a lack of cohesive data on how the human brain functioned.

Modern research makes use of biology, neuroscience, cognitive science, and information theory to study how the brain processes language.

Psycholinguistics covers the cognitive processes that make it possible to generate a grammatical and meaningful sentence out of vocabulary and grammatical structures, as well as the processes that make it possible to understand utterances, words, text, etc.

Developmental psycholinguistics studies infants’ and children’s ability to learn language, usually with experimental or at least quantitative methods (as opposed to naturalistic observations such as those made by Jean Piaget in his research on the development of children). Psycholinguistics is interdisciplinary in nature and is studied by people in a variety of fields, such as psychology, cognitive science, and linguistics.

There are several subdivisions within psycholinguistics that are based on the components that make up human language.

Psycholinguists study how word meaning, sentence meaning, and discourse meaning are computed and represented in the mind. They study how complex words and sentences are composed in speech and how they are broken down into their constituents in the acts of listening and reading. In short, psycholinguists seek to understand how language is done. . . .

“In general, psycholinguistic studies have revealed that many of the concepts employed in the analysis of sound structure, word structure, and sentence structure also play a role in language processing. However, an account of language processing also requires that we understand how these linguistic concepts interact with other aspects of human processing to enable language production and comprehension.”
(William O’Grady, et al., Contemporary Linguistics: An Introduction. Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2001).

2021.11.05 – Job Hunting: Interview Questions

  • “Tell me about a time when you ­­­­­­_______”
  • “Tell me about yourself”
  • “What are your weaknesses?”
  • “What is your desired salary?”
  • “Why are you leaving your current job?”
  • A great tactic is to choose a past weakness that you have an awesome story about fixing. For example, if your weakness is that you have difficulty confronting people with bad news, tell your interviewer that you’ve learned to begin with something positive before moving into the negative. This is a perfect example because the issue is minor (interviewers won’t consider it a deal-breaker), and you’ve shown that you’re someone who can learn and seeks improvement.
  • Most people in an interview don’t make explicit their thought process behind how or why they did something and, even if they are able to come up with a compelling story, they are unable to explain their thought processes.
  • Put a positive twist on the negatives to show your interviewer that you’ve learned significant and valuable lessons.
  • Telling your interviewer that your weakness is working so hard that you have trouble prioritizing your family life is a little too cliché and comes across as disingenuous. But telling your interviewer that you lose interest in mundane tasks (though this may be genuine) makes you an unappealing candidate as well.
  • Have stories prepared that demonstrate different desirable attributes of yourself. Just don’t forget to explain the thinking that went into your actions as you tell them.
  • Human nature ensures interviewers return to these questions time and again to find out if you’re someone they want to have down the hall.
  • If at all possible, show the interviewer that your moving jobs is all about passion and career growth.
  • Most people are quick to gush about their life story or their passions outside work. In the process, people have the tendency to slip up and to reveal things that cast them in a negative light. You don’t want to be too loose with your personal life with someone you just met.
  • Say something simple like, “Though I know salary is relevant, I don’t make decisions based solely on it, and I would prefer to discuss it later once you know more about me and I know more about the role.”
  • The idea is to give the most important points of your resume and how these experiences make you a great fit for the job. All you need to do is show the interviewer why you’re the best fit for the position and leave all the other extraneous details out.
  • The unwritten rule when it comes to salary is this: whoever proposes a number first, loses.
  • The interviewer only wants to know that you aren’t leaving purely for money and that you don’t have trouble getting along with people.
  • Simply let your interviewer know that the most important thing to you is how well you fit the position.

2021.11.05 – Job Hunting: Solve It Now

25 ‘standard’ interview questions
A recent graduate has to re-start a job search
A strategy to keep improving your applications
Actions to improve job security and your employability
Advice on application forms from an HR & recruitment specialist
Advice on surviving the 1st 6 seconds
Assessment centres – strategy and tactics
Avoid being discouraged after interview rejection
Bad interview day? Learn from it …
Career planning – do it when it’s right for you
Considering the location when you apply for jobs
Don’t pull out of interviews early
Email or ring for more information about a job?
Handling a career break or period of unemployment on your CV
Handling nerves at an interview
How to approach internal interviews for a promotion
How to approach strengths-based interviews
How to best set out your online presence
How to describe yourself correctly on a CV
How to get feedback from your interview
How to handle Scenario questions + 10 questions
How to handle the ‘previous failure’ interview question
How to make your own ‘luck’ at interviews
How to REALLY stand out on a CV or application
How to show a can do positive attitude
Interviewing for promotion
Invest in yourself to protect your future employability
List achievements before responsibilities on your applicatio
Make a great personal statement
Making an introductory speech at an interview
Negotiating with a job offer
NEVER count your chickens!
No job yet? Try this fast way to get moving
Pipped at the post
Practising your technique with mock interviews
Probably the world’s most unconventional careers advice
Questions to ask / not ask at the end of an interview
Seeing the real position regarding unemployment statistics
Seven kick-ass job hunting steps for 2017
Taking control of your interview
Tap into the ‘hidden’ job market
The REAL value of work experience
The three steps to making the short-list
Top 20 Twitter bio epic-fails
Totally nail the “Tell me about yourself” question
Training for more job security
Up your odds of an interview
Using freelance work to build your experience and prospects
Was your interview a cruise or a car-crash?
What are you wearing? Careers fairs
Which social media platforms to use on a jobhunt

2021.11.05 – Words that immigrated into American English

American Indian

Moccasin: a type of soft leather shoe

Squash: any of several large solid vegetables


Cafeteria: a restaurant where people collect their own food and drink

Loco: crazy


Cache: a secret place for keeping valuable things

Prairie: a wide, treeless grassy plain


Boss: a master, employer, or person having control

Spook: a spirit or ghost


Hamburger: ground beef; a sandwich made of a ground beef patty placed in a soft roll

Pretzel: a hard glazed and salty cracker usually shaped like a loose knot


Bagel: a hard glazed doughnut-shaped roll

Schmo: a stupid or foolish person


Shebang: affair, concern

Shillelagh: a short, heavy club


Yam: a sweet potato

Gumbo: a type of soup, made with meat, vegetables, and okra to thicken it


Chop suey: a dish made of bits of vegetables and meat or fish, and several hot with rice

Yen: a strong desire


Zucchini: a dark green cylindrical summer squash

Pizza: an open pie made of thinly rolled bread dough spread with a spicy mixture of tomatoes, cheese, etc.